FTN was established in 2017 and is managed by the Finnish Transport and Communications Agency Traficom. It replaced the previous identity service, TUPAS, which was phased out in 2019. Security was a key driver for forming FTN, as TUPAS, which had been operating for nearly 20 years, did not meet the new requirements under eIDAS, nor the more extensive new data privacy and protection regulations introduced in Finland.
Competition was another driver for forming the FTN. Under TUPAS, service providers needed a separate contract and a separate integration for each bank they worked with. Under FTN, a single standardised service contract and a single integration allows strong authentication service brokers to resell eID solutions in Finland, with a cap on transaction costs between the bank and eID broker.